Healthcare Waste Management

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Healthcare Waste Management System (HCWM)


Healthcare Waste Management System (HCWM)

What is healthcare waste ?

Healthcare waste (HCW) is a by-product of healthcare that includes sharps, non-sharps, blood, body parts, chemicals,

pharmaceuticals, medical devices and radioactive materials.

Hospital wastes are categorised according to their weight, density and constituents. The World Health Organisation

(WHO) has classified medical waste into different categories. These are:


Categories of health-care waste-Hazardous health-care waste

Waste category Descriptions and examples
Sharps waste
Used or unused sharps (e.g. hypodermic, intravenous or other needles; auto-disable
syringes; syringes with attached needles; infusion sets; scalpels; pipettes; knives; blades;
broken glass)
Infectious waste

Waste suspected to contain pathogens and that poses a risk of disease transmission

e.g. waste contaminated with blood and other body luids; laboratory cultures and

microbiological stocks; waste including excreta and other materials that have been

in contact with patients infected with highly infectious diseases in isolation wards)

Pathological waste
Human tissues, organs or luids; body parts; fetuses; unused blood products
Pharmaceutical waste
Pharmaceuticals that are expired or no longer needed; items contaminated by or
containing pharmaceuticals
Chemical waste
Waste containing chemical substances (e.g. laboratory reagents; ilm developer;
disinfectants that are expired or no longer needed; solvents; waste with high content of
heavy metals, e.g. batteries; broken thermometers and blood-pressure gauges)
cytotoxic waste
Cytotoxic waste containing substances with genotoxic properties (e.g. waste containing
cytostatic drugs – often used in cancer therapy; genotoxic chemicals)
Radioactive waste
Waste containing radioactive substances (e.g. unused liquids from radiotherapy or
laboratory research; contaminated glassware, packages or absorbent paper; urine and
excreta from patients treated or tested with unsealed radionuclides; sealed sources)
Non-hazardous or general
health-care waste

Waste that does not pose any particular biological, chemical, radioactive or physical
hazard

The major sources of health-care waste are:

  • hospitals and other health-care establishments
  • laboratories and research centres
  • mortuary and autopsy centres
  • animal research and testing laboratories
  • blood banks and collection services
  • nursing homes for the elderly.


Famed's solution for the HCWM

Famed committed our self to supply the HCWM product from the materials to the structure and craft so that to reduce the risk of healthcare waste 

A.    Waste Minimization

          All of our medical waste disposal container and bags are made of biodegradable and Chlorine Free  materials,

             no Any potentially hazardous materials.  Our instruments such as needle destroyer are designed to burn the

             needle into ashes, save the space and destroy the waste completely.


B.    Segregation and containerization

       The correct segregation of waste at the point of generation relies on a clear identification of the different

          categories of wasteand the separate disposal of the waste in accordance with the categorization chosen.

         

              Segregation must be done at the point of generationof the waste. To encourage segregation at source,

              (reusable)containers or baskets with liners of the correct size and thickness are placed as close to the

              point of generation as possible.


          They should be properlycolour-coded(yellow or red for infectious waste) and have the international infectious 

             waste symbol clearly marked. When they are 3/4 full, the liners are closed with plastic cable ties or string and

             placed into larger containers or liners at the intermediate storage areas. Suitable latex gloves must always be

             used when handling infectious waste.

        

         Segregation is the key to any effective waste management ! 

          We can supply the following materials for Hospital Waste Segregation & containerization

B1. Sharp Waste

           Needles, Needle and Syringe assemblies, Lancets, Scalpets, Blades, Scissors, 

             Sutures, Specimen, Tables,Broken Glass, Ampoules,Intravenous Catheter,Glass  

             Slides,  Cover Slips 


             Sharp Waste can disposed in followings ways :

     Sharp Containers

        Our range of Sharps Containers are used for

         the disposal  of sharp and cutting waste  resistant

         and come in several cutting waste.They

         are  puncture  resistant and come

      in  Several  sharps and size to  facilitate use

        at  different sites of the hospital Color

       sharp container, Red or yellow.With Biohazard

       symbols










   Needle Counters

     This new range of sharps holders has been

      especially designed to provide ultimate

      protection to clinical staff against inadvertent

      sharps injury during the organization, handling

      and disposal of sharps during a surgical procedure.

      It can be used to count the needle had used

      quickly and accurately 

   Safety Box

     Safety box is an innovative packaging solution

     created for depositing used vaccination  syringes

     and needles tosafe guard against  infection and

     prevent reuse.

 





    Electric Needle &Syringe  Destroyer

      It destroys the syringe & needle both in 5s.  

      burn the used needle into ashes, portable design .

 



    Needle syringe hub cutter

      It destroys the syringe & needle both in single

     action. Having stainless steel body having

       facility for table &  wall mounting. Bio-degradable

      & autoclavable material having 3Ltrs capacity.

      It cuts hub & needle fall in sharp container.




 B2. Hazardous/Clinical Waste



 Gloves, Gowns & Masks, Gauze, Dressings & Swabs, Spatulas, Urine & Blood Bags, Sump tubes & Suction

  Canisters, Disposable bowls & Containers, Hemodialysis tubings, Intravenous lines, Bags, Foley's cath

Hazardous & Clinical Waste can be disposed either in a disposable biodegradable containers or  reusable containers using biodegradable bags.

Reusable Containers

medical waste bin with red, yellow colors, with disposal   color coded bags in it





 

Color coded waste bags

  Different waste to different colors bags:


Waste Type  

Classification

Colour Coding

Description

Infectious Clinical Waste

Hazardous 

  

Poses a known or potential risk of infection including anatomical waste, diagnostic specimens, regent or test vials.

Infectious Clinical Waste

Hazardous


Potentially infectious waste, autoclave and laboratory waste.

Offensive/non infectious waste

Non Hazardous


Healthcare waste which is classed as non infectious, including nappy, incontinence, sanitary waste and other waste produced from human hygiene.

Pharmaceutical waste

Non Hazardous


 

Includes expired, unused, contaminated and spilt pharmaceutical drugs, products and vaccines. Including bottles, boxes or vials with residues. Also including products contaminated from the use of handling pharmaceuticals including gloves, masks, connecting tubes, syringe bodies and drug vials.*

Cytotoxic and Cytostatic drugs

Hazardous

 

Hormone and cancer treatment medicinal waste must be separated from other medicinal waste as they are classed as hazardous. Located list can be found in BNF or NIOSH list of medicines. Failure to segregate from non-hazardous medicines will mean that the waste must be treated as hazardous and incur associated hazardous waste charges.

Controlled drugs  

Non Hazardous


Controlled drugs must be denatured to render them safe and without value and then disposed of with other non hazardous waste medicines.*

B3. General Waste



Packages boxes, Wrappings, Newspapers& Magazines, Disposable plates, Cups & Utensils, Food, Food packaging,


C. Waste Storage and Transportation/Handling


     Storing and transporting the healthcare waste is very

     important to avoid the spread of infection while storing or

      transporting. Special containers and specially designed

      transport system is used for the same.




 

D. Treatment and final disposal


       Waste Treatment and Disposal is one of the most important part of HCWM System. Following different methods can be used for the same.

 D1 Medical  Waste Shredder

         This series of  machine can destroy

          the medical disposable materials into small

         pieces, plastic utensils, syringes, test tubes,

         ELISA plate, dish, dilution cup, straw, tip, urine

         cup, cervical sampler class, rubber gloves.so

         that to avoid the reuse and reducing space of

         waste container by 85%  after shredding.



 

D2 Incinerator


       Incinerators are the equipment to burn the HCW

       into ashes.  HCW in Sharp Bins,Hazardous

       waste  containers  or  biodegradable bags can

       directly be fed into  incinerators  to  burn  it into

       ashes. we can supply EA series incinerator 

       with burning  rate 30kg/hour to 400kg/hour.